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Hoisting Machinery

Encoder Applications/Hoisting Machinery

Encoder yeHoisting Machina

Kesi yekushandisa yesynchronous kugadzirisa kutonga kwehombe-span gonhi crane yekusimudza michina yakavakirwa paCanopen fieldbus.
Poshi.Iwo chaiwo emidziyo yekusimudza magonhi:
Izvo zvinodikanwa zvekuchengetedza zvemagonhi ekusimudza machira zviri kuwedzera uye zvakanyanya kuonekera, uye pfungwa yekuchengeteka kutanga iri kuwedzera uye yakakosha mukutonga.Zvinoenderana nemirairo, hombe-yakareba magonhi epamusoro pamusoro pemamita makumi mana anofanirwa kuve ane mbiri-track synchronous kururamisa kudzora kudzivirira kuruboshwe uye kurudyi kaviri-track.Tsaona yevhiri remuchina wegonhi yanyanya kureba uye inotsenga nzira kana kudonha.Nekuda kwekuchengetedza zvinodiwa, kuruboshwe uye kurudyi kaviri track mavhiri emuchina wegonhi anofanirwa kudzorwa panzvimbo dzakawanda.Iyo yakavimbika mhinduro yekumhanyisa, chinzvimbo uye rumwe ruzivo rwakanangana nekuchengetedza uye kuvimbika kwekutonga.Hunhu hwemamiriro ekunze emidziyo yekusimudza crane inotaridza kusarudzwa kweaya ma sensor sensors uye kutapurirana:
1. Munzvimbo yakaoma yekushanda panzvimbo, ma-frequency converters, injini huru uye yakakwirira uye yakaderera magetsi ekugadzirisa magetsi, tambo dzechiratidzo dzinowanzorongedzwa pamwe chete nemagetsi emagetsi, uye kupindira kwemagetsi panzvimbo yakanyanyisa.
2. Equipment mobility, refu kufamba chinhambwe, zvakaoma pasi.
3. Chiratidzo chekufambisa chinhambwe chakareba, uye kuchengetedzwa uye kuvimbika kwechiratidzo che data chakakwirira.
4. Synchronous control inoda yakakwirira chaiyo-nguva uye yakavimbika chiratidzo chekufambisa.
5. Mazhinji acho anoshandiswa kunze, ane zvinodiwa zvakakwirira zvekudzivirira pamwero uye tembiricha mwero, asi yakaderera mwero wekudzidziswa kwevashandi, uye zvakanyanya zvinodiwa pakushivirira kwechigadzirwa.
piri.Iko kukosha kweiyo yakakwana kukosha kwakawanda-kutendeuka encoder mukushandiswa kwegonhi crane yekusimudza michina:
Pane potentiometers, proximity switches, incremental encoder, single-turn absolute encoders, multi-turn absolute encoder, nezvimwewo mukushandiswa kwemasensa ekumira emagonhi emagonhi.Mukuenzanisa, kuvimbika kwe potentiometers kwakaderera , Kusarurama kwakashata, nzvimbo yakafa mumakona ekushandisa;Proximity switches, ultrasonic switches, etc. ingori imwe-point masiginecha asi isingaenderere mberi;Kuwedzera encoder chiratidzo chekurwisa-kupindira kwakashata, chiratidzo hachigone kufambiswa kure, uye nzvimbo yekutadza simba inorasika;Single-turn absolute encoder Inogona chete kushanda mukati me360 madhigirii.Kana iyo kona yekuyera ichiwedzerwa nekuchinja kumhanya, iko kurongeka kunenge kwakashata.Kana ikashandiswa yakananga mudenderedzwa rimwechete kuti iwane kuwanda kwe-lap control kuburikidza nendangariro, mushure mekutadza kwesimba, inorasikirwa nenzvimbo yayo nekuda kwemhepo, kutsvedza kana kufamba kwekugadzira.Chete kukosha kwakazara kwakawanda-kutendeuka encoder kunogona kushandiswa zvakachengeteka mumudziyo wekusimudza wemuchina wegonhi.Haina kukanganiswa nekudzima kwemagetsi jitter.Inogona kushanda nemarefu marefu uye akawanda-anotendeuka.Iyo yemukati yakazara digitalization, anti-kupindira, uye chiratidzo chinogonawo kuitika.Kuendesa kure-kure kwakachengeteka.Naizvozvo, kubva pakuona kwekuchengetedzeka kwemichina yekusimudza gonhi, kukosha kwakakwana kwe-multi-turn encoder isarudzo isingadzivisiki.

Kurudziro yekushandisa yeCanopen absolute encoder mugonhi crane yekusimudza michina
CAN-bhazi (ControllerAreaNetwork) ndiyo controller area network, inova imwe yemabhazi anonyanya kushandiswa akavhurika pasi rose.Senzira yekure kure network yekudzora kutaurirana ine tekinoroji yepamusoro, kuvimbika kwepamusoro, mabasa akazara uye mutengo unonzwisisika, CAN-bhazi yakashandiswa zvakanyanya muakasiyana otomatiki control system.Semuenzaniso, CAN-bhazi ine mabhenefiti asingaenzaniswi munzvimbo dzakasiyana siyana senge mota dzemagetsi, otomatiki michina, zvivakwa zvakangwara, masisitimu emagetsi, kutarisa kwekuchengetedza, ngarava nekutakura, kutonga kweelevator, kuchengetedza moto, midziyo yekurapa, nezvimwewo, kunyanya kana iri ikozvino muchiedza.Can-Bhazi ndiyo inosarudzika chiratidzo chenjanji inomhanya-mhanya uye kugadzirwa kwemagetsi emhepo.CAN-bhazi inogadzirwa uye inochengetwa ine mutengo wakaderera, mabhazi akakwira, kureba kwekufambisa (kusvika ku10Km), kukurumidza-kumhanya kwekufambisa (kusvika kusvika 1Mbps), yakawanda-tenzi chimiro maererano nekutanga, uye yakavimbika Iyo yekutadza kuona uye kugadzirisa nzira inobhadhara zvizere kune echinyakare RS-485 network's yakaderera bhazi kushandiswa, single-tenzi-muranda chimiro, uye hapana hardware yekuona kukanganisa kukanganisa, inogonesa vashandisi kuvaka. yakagadzikana uye inoshanda mumunda bhazi control system, zvichiita kuti pave nekunyanya kukosha chaiko.Munzvimbo dzakaomarara dzekushandisa dzakadai semidziyo yekusimudza, Can-bhazi ine yakavimbika chiratidzo chikanganiso chekuona uye kugadzirisa magadzirirwo, uye ichiri kukwanisa kufambisa data nemazvo kana paine kupindira kwakasimba uye kusavimbika kwepasi, uye kukanganisa kwayo kwehardware kuzviongorora, Iyo yakawanda-tenzi. station inogona kuve isina basa kuti ive nechokwadi chekuchengetedzwa kwemidziyo yekudzora.
Canopen iprotocol yakavhurika yakavakirwa paCAN-bhazi bhazi uye inotungamirwa neCiA Association.Inonyanya kushandiswa muindasitiri yemotokari, michina yemaindasitiri, zvivakwa zvakangwara, midziyo yekurapa, michina yemugungwa, michina yemurabhoritari uye minda yekutsvagisa.Mamiriro eCanopen anobvumira mameseji kuti afambiswe nekutepfenyura., Iyo zvakare inotsigira point-to-point kutumira uye kugamuchira data, uye vashandisi vanogona kuita maneti manejimendi, kutapurirana data uye mamwe mashandiro kuburikidza neCanopen chinhu duramazwi.Kunyanya, Canopen ine hunhu hwekupokana-kupindira uye yakawanda-tenzi chiteshi application, iyo inogona kuumba chaiyo master station redundancy backup uye kuona yakachengeteka kudzora.
Kuenzaniswa nemamwe mafomu echiratidzo, kuendesa data kweCanopen kwakavimbika, kunodhura, uye kwakachengeteka (yekushandisa kukanganisa kushuma).Kuenzanisa kweaya maitiro nezvimwe zvinobuda: Parallel inobuda chiratidzo-yakawandisa masimba emagetsi anokuvadzwa zviri nyore, akawandisa mawaya epakati anotsemuka nyore uye mutengo wetambo wakakwira;SSI inobuda chiratidzo-inonzi synchronous serial chiratidzo, kana chinhambwe chakareba kana kukanganiswa, chiratidzo Kunonoka kwakakonzera wachi uye chiratidzo chedata chisisawirirane, uye kusvetuka kwedata kwakaitika;Profibus-DP bhazi chiratidzo-pasi uye tambo zvinodiwa zvakakwira, mutengo wakanyanya, tenzi chiteshi haasarudzwe, uye kana bhazi rekubatanidza gedhi kana chiteshi chiteshi chatadza, Ikonzeresa kuremara kwehurongwa hwese zvichingodaro.Iko kushandiswa kuri pamusoro mumidziyo yekusimudza dzimwe nguva kunogona kuuraya.Naizvozvo, zvinogona kutaurwa kuti chiratidzo cheCanopen chakavimbika, chakanyanya hupfumi uye chakachengeteka kana chichishandiswa mukusimudza michina.
Gertech Canopen absolute encoder, nekuda kweiyo yakakwirira-kumhanya siginecha kubuda, mukuseta basa, unogona kuseta iyo encoder's absolute angle chinzvimbo kukosha uye inoshanduka yekumhanyisa kukosha kuburitsa pamwe chete, semuenzaniso, maviri ekutanga mabytes anoburitsa absolute Value angle (yakawanda. anotendeuka) chinzvimbo, yechitatu byte inoburitsa kukosha kwekumhanya, uye yechina byte inoburitsa kukosha kwekumhanyisa (sarudzo).Izvi zvinobatsira zvakanyanya kana iyo yekusimudza midziyo inoshandisa frequency converters.Iko kukosha kwekumhanya kunogona kuve Semhinduro ye frequency kutendeuka yekumhanyisa mutemo, uye kukosha kwechinzvimbo kunogona kushandiswa seyakanyatso mira uye kuwiriranisa kutonga, uye inogona kuve nekaviri yakavharwa-loop kutonga kwekumhanya uye chinzvimbo, kuitira kuti uone kunyatsomira, kuwiriranisa. kutonga, kupaka anti-sway, yakachengeteka kudzora nzvimbo, kudzivirira kudhumhana, kukurumidza kuchengetedza kuchengetedza, nezvimwe.Iyo backup controller paramita inogona kusetwa kuseri kwe tenzi controller.Kana iyo master controller system yatadza, iyo backup controller inogona kutora yekupedzisira Dziviriro yekuchengetedza uye kutonga kwemidziyo yekusimudza inogona kuitika.
Iyo mota hombe yemusuwo wekusimudza crane inotangwa uye inoshandiswa kunze.Iyo encoder chiratidzo tambo yakareba, iyo yakaenzana neantenna refu.Iyo yekuvhiya uye overvoltage kudzivirira kweiyo munda chiratidzo chekupera kwakakosha zvakanyanya.Munguva yakapfuura, parallel signal encoders kana incremental encoder dzaishandiswa., Kune akawanda masign core cables, uye kuwedzera overvoltage kudzivirira kwegwaro rega rega kunonetsa kuwana (iyo yekuwedzera voltage inogadzirwa nekutanga kwemota hombe kana kurova kwemheni), uye kazhinji iyo encoder chiratidzo ine chiteshi kupisa;uye iyo SSI siginecha ndeye synchronous yakatevedzana yekubatanidza, sekuwedzera wave Surge dziviriro, kunonoka kutapurirana kwechiratidzo kunoparadza kuwiriranisa uye chiratidzo hachina kugadzikana.Iyo Canopen siginecha yakakwira-kumhanya asynchronous kana kutepfenyura kutapurirana, iyo isina zvakanyanya pesvedzero pakuiswa kweyekudzivirira yekuvhiya.Naizvozvo, kana iyo Canopen encoder uye inogamuchira controller yakawedzerwa kune yekuwedzera overvoltage mudziviriri, inogona kushandiswa zvakachengeteka.
Canopen controller PFC
Nekuda kwehunhu hwepamusoro uye kuchengetedzeka kwezviratidzo zveCanopen, vazhinji vagadziri vePLC nevagadziri vezvidzori vakawedzera Canopen interfaces kuti iwane kutonga kweCanopen, seSchneider, GE, Beckhoff, B&R, etc. Gemple's PFC controller Idiki controller yakavakirwa paCanopen interface. , iyo inosanganisira yemukati 32-bit CPU unit, crystal yemvura inoratidzira uye munhu-muchina interface yekuseta mabhatani, 24-point switch I/O uye akawanda analog I/O, uye 2G SD memory kadhi, Inogona kurekodha simba- pa uye kuvhara, marekodhi echiitiko, kuitira kuti uone iyo dema bhokisi rekurekodha basa, kutadza kuongorora uye kudzivirira kushanda zvisiri pamutemo nevashandi.
Kubva 2008, PLC vagadziri vemhando huru dzine mukurumbira vachangobva kuwedzera Canopen interface kana vari kuronga kuwedzera Canopen interface.Kunyangwe ukasarudza PLC ine Canopen interface kana PFC controller ine Gertech, kutonga kwakavakirwa paCanopen interface kuchasimudzwa.Iko kushandiswa kwemidziyo kwave zvishoma nezvishoma kwave kukuru.
shanu.Yakajairika application case
1. Synchronous kutsauswa kururamiswa kwekutakura kwemagonhi egonhi-Maviri Canopen absolute kukosha akawanda-turn encoder anoona kuwiriranisa kwekuruboshwe nekurudyi mavhiri, uye chiratidzo chinobuda kune Canopen interface controller yePCC synchronization kuenzanisa.Panguva imwecheteyo, iyo Canopen yakakwana kukosha encoder inogona kuburitsa yekumhanyisa mhinduro panguva imwe chete, Kuburikidza nemutongi kupa inverter kumhanya kudzora, ziva kudiki kururamisa, hombe kutsauka kururamisa, yakawandisa-kutsauka kupaka uye kumwe kutonga.
2. Kumhanyisa kuchengetedza kuchengetedza-Canopen absolute encoder inoburitsa kukosha kwechinzvimbo uye kukosha kwekumhanyisa panguva imwe chete (yakananga kubuda pasina kuverenga kwekunze), uye ine mhinduro inokurumidza kukurumidza kuchengetedzwa.
3. Chengetedzo redundancy control-Kushandisa Canopen's multi-master redundancy feature, PFC201 controller inogona kuva mbiri-redundant backup, uye yechipiri controller inogona kuwedzerwa maererano nezvinodiwa nemushandisi kuchengetedza kuchengetedza.
4. Kuchengetedza rekodhi basa, mutungamiri wePFC201 ane 2G SD memori kadhi, iyo inogona kunyora zviitiko (bhokisi dema) kuona kukundikana kuongorora uye kudzivirira kushanda kusiri pamutemo nevashandi (kuchengetedza rekodhi cheki), uye kuwana kudzora kwakachengeteka.
5. Kumira kwekupaka uye anti-kuzununguka-Kushandisa chinzvimbo uye kukurumidza kubuda maitiro eCanopen absolute encoder panguva imwe chete, inogona kuona mbiri yakavharika-loop kutonga kwenzvimbo yekupaka uye kunonoka kudzika, izvo zvinogona kumisa zvine musoro kumhanya uye chinzvimbo curve. , uye kuderedza kuzungunuka kwenzvimbo yekusimudza paunenge uchipaka.
6. Yekutanga application sumo:
Guangdong Zhongshan Gungwa-Crossing Bridge nzvimbo yekuvaka yakakura-span gantry crane hoisting zvishandiso synchronous kururamisa kudzora, anenge 60 metres span, gantry crane kureba kweanopfuura 50 metres, maviri encoder masiginecha kuPFC controller tambo yakazara kureba kwemamita zana nemakumi masere.Sarudzo:
1. Canopen absolute multi-turn encoder—Gertech absolute multi-turn encoder, GMA-C Series CANopen Absolute Encoder, giredhi rekudzivirira goko IP67, shaft IP65;tembiricha giredhi -25 madhigirii-80 madhigirii.
2. Canopen Controller-Gertch's Canopen-based controller: Inogona kushandiswa kwete chete semutongi mukuru, asiwo sechigadziro chekuchengetedza chekare.
3. Canopen chiratidzo chechiteshi chekudzivirira chekudzivirira: SI-024TR1CO (inokurudzirwa)
4. Encoder chiratidzo chetambo: F600K0206

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